Bicycle Components

Simplicity has tremendous appeal. Such is the case for bicycles. They only have two wheels and there is no motor to propel them forward. On the other hand, they do not require fuel, batteries, or any other additional source of power except for the rider. Just hop on and pedal your way to your destination. They are lightweight, versatile, and affordable. Kids learn how to bike at an early age and many continue until adulthood. Some even elevate their riding to a high level by joining competitions. Let's take a look at the materials used and the various components that make up a bike.


Frame


This is arguably the most important part of any bike. It is what holds everything together and influences the quality of the ride in many ways. It is also biggest and the heaviest component. Before thinking of anything else, buyers should ensure that they are getting the right frame for their purpose. There are different materials and designs to choose from. Steel is cheap and strong but heavy. Aluminium is lighter but more expensive. Carbon fibre provides excellent strength to weight ratio but it can cost a fortune. As for configurations, there are diamond frames, step-through frames, and recumbents. The size and specific dimensions must also conform to the individual rider's body measurements. Custom frames can be made through welding fabrication services.

Extra information about welding fabrication services


Drivetrain


This is comprised of the pedals, the cranks, the chain, the cassette, and everything else that makes the wheels move. Advanced bikes allow riders to choose between different gears to suit the terrain. Change is made through the derailleur. There are some bikes that use a shaft or a belt instead of a chain.


Seating


Saddles can make or break a long ride. Even if you are in good shape, a badly chosen saddle will make the trip uncomfortable. It should be wide enough to accommodate your sit bone. Women tend to require wider saddles. Many have strategically placed holes for ventilation and friction avoidance. The height of the seat will depend on the length of the legs and the type of riding.


Steering


The handlebars allow riders to steer the bike in the direction they want. It also serves as a resting area for the upper part of the body. Most will feature flat handlebars with rubber or leather grips. Drop handlebars curve downwards and point towards the rider. Aero bars, meanwhile, enhance aerodynamics and is a favourite among racers.


Brakes


It's not all about going fast. You should also be able to slow down when necessary and stop completely in case of an emergency. There are different solution but the most common are rim brakes wherein pads on each side compress to increase friction. Disc brakes are also popular as they provide excellent stopping power.


Wheels


The wheels vary in diameter and thickness. A person's leg length will largely determine the right wheel size to get. Small persons such as children might want to stick to 20-inch wheels and under. The tires can be smooth if it is to be used on flat surfaces or treaded for better grip in muddy terrain.